Automobiles are a type of transportation that uses engines to move people. They are commonly used in the United States and many other developed nations, and have become a dominant force in the development of much of the world’s economy.

The automobile’s body carries passengers, provides storage space, and houses the engine and other important systems. It also protects passengers from the impact of an accident and offers safety features that help to prevent fires.

Invention of the automobile

The invention of the internal combustion engine revolutionized the way we travel, work, and live. It created new industries, jobs, and services that made life more convenient and free from traffic congestion.


The automobile led to a massive expansion in industrial manufacturing, especially in the United States. Henry Ford introduced assembly lines in his factory to speed production, and this lowered the cost of making automobiles so that they became affordable for most middle-class families.

Automotive infrastructure

The use of the automobile has changed the landscape of most developed nations and has influenced the movement of people away from urban centers toward suburban lifestyles. In the United States, for example, the use of public mass transportation has declined sharply.

Environmental impacts

The production of hundreds of millions of automobiles consumes a vast amount of iron, aluminum, plastic, and rubber. They also produce a significant amount of pollution and waste.

These problems must be weighed against the benefits of the automobile, including greater freedom from traffic congestion, easier access to work, more social opportunities, and increased privacy. There are also several environmentally friendly alternatives, such as battery electric vehicles.